Aggression in Aikido from the basic technique “Ikkyo”: What is not to attack from yourself?

About Ikkyo and the attack

Ikkyo is one of the most basic techniques in Aikido.


As an image of Aikido, I hear the story of self-defense that does not attack from yourself, but in fact it is not so.


In a book supervised by the founder of Aikido and written by his son Kishomaru Ueshiba, Ikkyo is defined as “the training of the face”.


Here are some of the things that are often neglected in modern Aikido.

In this training (Ikkyo), the action of Qi, Irimi, Atemi, Sabaki, etc. are all harmoniously combined, especially the force is centered on the movement of your back.


It is said that the founder of Aikido said, “For Aikido, Atemi(striking) is 70% and throwing is 30%”. Atemi (striking) was considered basic in Aikido.


Atemi (striking) practice is already incorporated into Ikkyo.


Aikido also has such a teaching.

(1) Do not put yourself in a passive position.

You must already be prepared to control the other person’s spirit when you first come up against them.

In Ikkyo’s syomen-uchi, you poke your opponent’s ribs with your left fist. Do it as if you are sealing the opponent’s right hand with your right hand sword.

Ki-ryoku does not refer to stiffness, but to the flexibility of the joints of the body, which naturally emerges from the belly.


When it is said that Atemi(striking) is 70%, there is an impression that it is mostly an attack, but in Aikido, the attack is simultaneous with seizure.


In Aikido, 30% of the throws are used to put the opponent in a disadvantageous position, and 70% of the remaining 70% is to keep hitting Atemi(striking).


It’s a little different from boxing, where you have a fistfight in a 50/50 situation.


The YouYube video also explains that when you go into the back, you apply it at the same time as the strikes to rib.


Kissyomaru’s book says that you can do this in a similar situation.

When you take a step forward with your left foot, you can also think of a “kick” against your opponent’s right foot. Such things can be changed in any way without sticking to any one Kata.


That’s why the Ikkyo of Aikido is the Kata of attack.


Why did this become a talk about not attacking from you?


My interpretation is that it was not about not attacking from yourself, but about attacking and suppressing from yourself at the same time.


Some people explain that you have to put the opponent in a disadvantageous position and then apply the technique, but I think it’s more accurate to say that you can strike and control the opponent at the same time.


Use different techniques at the same time. Eliminate the connection between technique and technique. The idea is to unite the yin and yang.


In addition to this, Kissyomaru’s book also states that you should always be aware of attacks from all four directions while performing techniques such as Ikkyo.


It’s also important to have the time to understand the situation around you, rather than simply being distracted by your technique.


I want to be careful not to clash with other people in my daily keiko.

Related Article.

It is also possible to defeat the opponent without touching him because of atemi (striking).

Theory of No touch aikido by Master Hajime

For an interpretation of Aikido from Ikkyo to Yonkyo, click here.

Theory of Aikido’s Four Lesson (四教論) :True Meaning of Aikido Technique Ikkyo to Yonkyo

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